- The general viewpoint of the left is to say that Dalits are going to get completely destroyed because of the new economic policy (globalization). But this is an erroneous standpoint even from a classic Marxist theoretical understanding. Because at every stage of capitalism when there is a crisis, as Marx says, capitalism has to renew its relations of production and mode of production to survive and develop. Globalization is a stage of capitalism which is doing exactly this. And in such a renewal, again as Marx says, there is a development of the productive forces which becomes inevitable for the survival and development of capitalism itself. From this it is obvious that what we know as the Left should be corrected. And what should be said is the following: that globalization will continue the exploitation of Dalits but also it will give many opportunities to Dalits to use and transform their lives in the way of upgrading their standard of living. At the same time they can use some of the scientific technological development brought forward by the state in their own liberative way to go towards abolition of caste exploitation.
2. One effect of this that is mentioned as a bad effect is the reduced opportunities of employment in the public sector. For example, LIC, ublic sector factories like RCF. Though it is true that this curtailment of the employment opportunities in these sectors with the introduction of modernization curtails opportunities, at the same time it is true that most modern technologies give opportunities to some section of dalits to become small industrialists. This is shown by the example of the formation of the organization of Dalit industrialists in India. At the same time industries based on renewable energy, biotechnology, greenhouse technology etc. will give opportunities of new employment.
3. Dalits today have fought and achieved some place in education largely due to reservations. And this section can organize a movement of caste annihilation as a long-term project by using concepts of equitable water distribution, land re-distribution based on organic farming, wind and solar energy, etc., demands which would lead towards a collective control of the new forces of production rising out of these alternatives; this can become the basis of an alternative for annihilating caste.
4. This alliance with nonDalits would facilitate their own liberation along with the liberation of all, because this would give a way out for their emancipation from the old caste oppression. Hence the toiling castes which are alienated today from the caste-class struggle will be coming into the fold of a great alliance of oppressed castes toward liberation.
5. Gender oppression has always been a part of caste-class exploitation. Not only has this aspect been ignored in the movement for a long period, but there are also differences among Dalits themselves about this. The alternative strategy enabled by the new technologies would include women’s liberation as a part of a general strategy of going towards a society which is casteless, classless, and free from gender exploitation. So, we need not be afraid of globalization but we should face it boldly and use the opportunities which it gives for the creation of a socialist globalization.